Teach sound awareness:
Try linking patterns together with visuals:
A thread on digraphs and trigraphs:
Link the pattern eg from hair to chair, use colour:
Use mind maps:
Reinforce with picture books:
Use phonic frames:
Teach phonics in High Frequency Words, rather than ‘look say’.
Teach/discuss consonant blends:
Making the word into a picture can improve fluency, but remember to refer to phonics as well.
Link back/generalise the orthographic patterns:
Phonics provides the foundations for reading but there are many other elements and over-emphasis on phonics, in my opinion, can lead to poor comprehenders: